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Product Liability

Hair Relaxer Injuries: What You Should Know

Our hair can be such an emotional part of ourselves. Hair is used for self-expression, creativity, elegance, and identity, becoming part of our daily routines and special occasions. So, when you want to use products, it’s important to realize that the chemicals in them stick with you longer than your hairstyle does. 

National Trial Lawyers of Texas

When using products regularly, it’s important to understand that they may have long-term effects you won’t recognize until later. Companies who manufacture these products are held liable for the damage and suffering that they inflict on their customers. Product liability is a tort law, which is a type of claim based on injury or damage suffered because of the product. These cases attempt to hold the product’s designer, manufacturer, or seller responsible for harm that the plaintiff suffered. The attorneys at BCH have seen many product liability cases, and we represent injured customers nationwide. 

Protecting Victims of Hair Relaxer Injuries

Hair relaxers are products designed to straighten curly hair, especially when just a hot iron straightener can’t get the job done alone. While these chemical relaxers can straighten out stubborn curls, what are the consequences of using them? 

Understanding the Risks of Hair Relaxers

In order to straighten out extremely curly or coiled hair, you need a very strong chemical mixture that can break down the hair and ultimately change its texture. Relaxers penetrate the cuticle layers protecting your hair and can cause problems like hair dryness, breakage, thinning, and even bald spots. 

These chemicals are also commonly known to irritate the skin and provide all the symptoms of chemical burns like stinging and discomfort on the scalp, skin redness, temporary skin whiteness, and chemical burns.

Common Causes

The danger of these relaxers is not just from the chemicals themselves; individually, they are dangerous, but together, they pack a punch. A few of them are:

  • Formaldehyde contains dangerous fumes, and long-term exposure increases the risk of developing cancer
  • Sodium hydroxide breaks down the hair bonds, and as one of the main ingredients, the high concentration causes burns, hair loss, and irritation
  • Parabens we know are harmful in hair products because they disrupt your endocrine systems


All of the chemicals used in these products to straighten out wavy or kinky hair vary based on the intensity of the product. We know that long-term exposure poses the highest risk of pain and suffering. 

Holding Manufacturers Accountable for Potential Health Risks

There are many class action lawsuits regarding hair relaxers. Filed by consumers across the country, they found that they developed cancer due to the harsh chemicals in the relaxers that they were using. It’s not just about the risks of using these chemicals. It’s about the injuries that companies should be held accountable for.

  • Uterine Fibroids
    These are noncancerous growths in the uterus. Studies suggest a possible link between hair relaxer use and increased fibroid risk, but the exact reason isn't clear.
  • Endometrial Cancer
    This cancer affects the lining of the uterus. Some studies suggest a connection between frequent hair relaxer use and a higher risk of endometrial cancer. Again, the exact reason is not clear and more research is needed.
  • Uterine Cancer
    This is a broader term encompassing various types of uterine cancers. While some studies suggest a link between hair relaxers and endometrial cancer, the evidence for other types is less clear and requires more research.
  • Ovarian Cancer
    Current research doesn't show a strong link between hair relaxers and ovarian cancer but needs further research to fully understand the risks.

What to Do If You Experience a Hair Relaxer Injury

Now we know these pose risks, and repeat exposure increases it even more. If you have been injured or are suffering from an illness caused by these products, contact us now to discuss your options. 

If you’ve suffered an injury that needs medical attention, always seek medical attention first. Your health is the top priority. It’s important to keep a record of everything you have done due to the injuries, including any missed work, pain and suffering, or expenses from the aftermath. That way, we can ensure that you are compensated financially. 

Can I Take Legal Action for Hair Relaxer Injuries?

The extent of the connection between hair relaxers and cancers is still being explored. These specific cases have been consolidated into multidistrict litigation, and as these are ongoing, the bellwether trials (the test trials) have not yet been set. If you’ve suffered long-term illnesses that could be linked to hair relaxers, then you can contact our team to discuss a class action lawsuit. If you have suffered personal injuries from the products, then you can file a product liability claim in the event of a product malfunction. 

When to Contact a Hair Relaxer Injury Lawyer

Suppose you think that you’ve been injured by chemical hair relaxers. In that case, you must speak with a legal team with experience with mass torts, personal injury, product liability, and class action lawsuits. Our legal team at BCH is not here just to win cases on behalf of our plaintiffs; it’s to make a difference in their lives for the better. When injured plaintiffs come to us and trust us to speak on their behalf, we take it seriously. If you’ve been harmed by a company’s unsafe products, you deserve your day in court, and we would be proud to stand by your side.

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